Weber, Alfred

   economist and sociologist; his "synoptic sociology stressed intuition over reason. Born in Erfurt, the second son of a lawyer who sat in the Prussian Abgeordnetenhaus, he was the younger brother of Max Weber.* He took a doctorate in 1895 at Berlin* under Gustav Schmoller, completed his Habilitation in 1899, taught economics at Berlin, then was ap-pointed full professor at Prague in 1904. He moved to Heidelberg in 1907 and remained there until his retirement. In 1909 he published Über den Standort der Industrien (Theory of the location of industries), an important analysis of the factors influencing the location of German industry after 1860. With his brother, he dominated the sessions of the Association for Social Policy (Verein fur So-zialpolitik) for several years.
   Weber worked for the Treasury Office during World War I and was prominent in founding the DDP in November 1918. With his friend Theodor Wolff,* he sat on the DDP s Hauptvorstand and was assigned to the Socialization Com-mission.* However, his unfounded accusations that Fritz Thyssen* and Hugo Stinnes* were negotiating with the Allies to establish a Rhenish state brought speedy demotion in December 1918. Despite his failed political career, he used his public experience to develop a sociology of politics that appeared in Deutschland und die europaÜische Kulturkrise (Germany and the European cul-tural crisis, 1924) and Die Krise des modernen Staatsgedankens in Europa (The crisis of the modern conception of the state in Europe, 1925). A refined version of Oswald Spengler s* ideas, his writings portrayed Germany s collapse in 1918 as a European catastrophe. He predicted the end of European predominance and feared the exploitation of public opinion in modern society.
   Weber was forced to retire in 1933. He lived in isolation during the Nazi era and continued to write (albeit, his books were banned). His Das Tragische und die Geschichte (The tragic and history, 1943), judged his best work, is a rich blend of sociology and history. After 1945 he was deemed "the grand old man of Heidelberg. He was a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and received the Pour le Mérite in 1954.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Demm, Liberaler; IESS.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Weber, Alfred —   developed a model to explain the location of industry according to identification of the least cost location. Full explanation: …   Geography glossary

  • Weber, Alfred — (1868 1958) German economist, brother of Max, who contributed to theories which explain patterns of industrial location as the outcome of competition for the most advantageous (cost minimizing/profit maximizing) locations; and, through this, to… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Alfred Weber — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weber. Alfred Weber (30 juillet 1868 à Erfurt, Thuringe, Allemagne 2 mai 1958 à Heidelberg, Bade Wurtemberg, Allemagne) était un économiste et un sociologue dont les travaux ont influencé la géographie économique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Weber — (* 30. Juli 1868 in Erfurt; † 2. Mai 1958 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher Nationalökonom, Soziologe und Kulturphilosoph. Er war der jüngere Bruder des berühmten Soziologen und Nationalökonomen Max Weber. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Schutz — Alfred Schütz Alfred Schütz Naissance 13 avril 1899 Vienne (Autriche) Décès 20 mai 1959 (à 60 ans) New York, États Unis Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Schütz — (* 13. April 1899 in Wien; † 20. Mai 1959 in New York City) war ein aus Österreich stammender Jurist, Philosoph und Soziologe, der als Begründer der phänomenologischen Soziologie gilt und sich − ausgehend von Edmund Husserl, Henri Bergson und Max …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Schütz — Naissance 13 avril 1899 Vienne (Autriche) Décès 20 mai 1959 (à 60 ans) New York, États Unis Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Schütz — (1899 1959) sociólogo y filósofo austriaco, de origen judío, introductor de la fenomenología en las ciencias sociales. Nació en Viena, donde estudió leyes y economía con, entre otros, Hayek y von Mises. Exiliado desde 1933, llegó en 1939 a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Weber (Familienname) — Weber ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Familienname Weber ist abgeleitet von dem Beruf des Webers. In Deutschland belegt der Name Weber Platz 5 der häufigsten Familiennamen. Varianten Textor (latinisiert) von Waeber Weeber Wefer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Oppolzer — (* 1946 in Alsfeld) ist ein deutscher Soziologe und Sozialökonom sowie Professor für Industrie und Betriebssoziologie am Fachbereich Sozialökonomie der Universität Hamburg, vormals Hamburger Universität für Wirtschaft und Politik (HWP). Seine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.